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Authorship and Anonymity in Sixteenth-Century Music: The Case of the Alamire Manuscripts

Project description

The attribution of a musical work to a composer does not seem to have been one of the more important factors of 16th-century manuscript production. This project aims to answer what anonymity meant in early modern Europe during a period of increasing composer attributions. It takes as a starting point the Alamire manuscripts, undoubtedly the most astonishing surviving sources of Renaissance music. They comprise more than 60 choirbooks prepared at or around the Burgundian-Habsburg court between 1498 and 1534. Beautifully copied and exquisitely decorated, these products of the scribal workshop of Petrus Alamire contain over 600 polyphonic works by three generations of leading Renaissance composers. This unique complex of music manuscripts is vital to any understanding of 16th-century music, but deplorably little is known about the circumstances in which they were conceived, produced, and utilized. While many of the works are attributed, 25% of the repertoire is anonymous; these works have never been edited, examined, analyzed, or contextualized. My proposed project thus has three main ramifications: to examine anonymity as a cultural phenomenon and the role of attribution in creating a canon; to edit and contextualize the anonymous repertoire in the Alamire manuscripts; to examine what the Alamire manuscripts tell us about the value of book ownership, music ownership and the modus operandi of the workshop.


  • “Hidden Meaning in Agnus Dei Canons: Two Cases from the Alamire Manuscripts.” In Early Music 44 (2016), 593-606.
  • “A Sixteenth-Century Example of Josquin Emulation: The Anonymous Missa Cueur langoreulx and its Source.” In Journal of the Alamire Foundation 8/1 (2016), 92-138.
  • Co-authored with John Milsom, “Who Composed the Missa Cueur langoreulx? The Case for Mathurin Forestier.” In Journal of the Alamire Foundation 8/1 (2016), 139-61.
  • “Sources and Scribes: Musical and Textual Variants in the Alamire Manuscripts.” Final draft to be submitted to Journal of Musicology.
  • Co-edited with David Burn, Petrus Alamire: New Perspectives on Polyphony (Proceedings of the Conference held 18-23 August 2015 in Antwerp) (In progress; to be published in Journal of the Alamire Foundation).

Editor, Anonymous Masses. Le Corpus des messes anonymes du XVème siècle (